At the traditional site of the Upper Room, pieces of Hebrew and Christian scripture come together in an ancient building. Here, on Jerusalem’s Western Hill, events of history and tradition combine to offer the ultimate answer to David’s prayer.
Outside the modern Zion Gate on the Western Hill, Byzantines in the fifth century confused the names of this area.
They mistook the Western Hill for biblical “Mount Zion,” and so the hill, the gate, and the “Tower of David,” all have wrong names that have stuck.
South of the beautiful, century-old Dormition Abbey—with its massive white stones and cone-shaped dome—a small building bears another misnomer. “David’s Tomb” actually rests somewhere in the City of David (1 Kings 2:10; Nehemiah 3:16; Acts 2:29).
“David’s Tomb” and the Upper Room Share Square Footage
In a small room on the first floor, Jews pray before a cenotaph (tomb marker or monument) that lays draped in dark purple velvet with the Star of David embroidered on it in gold thread. Because Jews couldn’t enter the Old City prior to the reunification of Jerusalem in 1967, many Jews prayed for hope here instead. Many still do.
Here Byzantines honored both David and James as the Jewish and Christian founders of Jerusalem. James’ church is located in the nearby Armenian Quarter, but David’s tomb is commemorated at this location—where the “Church of Mount Sion” was.
Archaeological remains date back to the second century, a time when it would have been difficult and risky for Christians to congregate in this place—unless they had a good reason. “Church of Mount Sion” is a first-century synagogue that faces the Church of the Holy Sepulchre—not the Temple Mount. As such, the building reflects the beliefs of the early Jewish Christians. Christians since the first century have venerated this site as the Upper Room where Jesus celebrated the Passover and Last Supper with His disciples (see Biblical Archaeology Review, 16:03, May/June 1990).
I like how the Upper Room and “David’s Tomb” share the same footprint. The New Covenant provides the final means for answering David’s prayer for forgiveness and the permanence of the Holy Spirit in our lives.